- VOICE NARRATION: Ioana Pelehatăi
- ILLUSTRATIONS: Liviu Bărbulescu
- SCRIPT: Alex Lungu & Ioana Pelehatăi
- SOUND DESIGN: Ștefan Teodorescu
- EDITING & ANIMATION: Alex Lungu
- SUBTITLES: Emilia Givropoulou(Greek) – Thank you!
- Maximum penalties for motoring offenses – Motor Lawyers Limited
- $150,000 fine per file (The $8 billion iPod) – Rob Reid
- Seven crimes to consider before music piracy – Conor McCarthy
- Piracy = “drug dealers and terrorism” – TorrentFreak
- File-sharing doesn’t hurt Box Office revenue – TorrentFreak / Koleman Strumpf
- Piracy is helping, rather than hurting the creative industries – CBCNews / London School of Economics
- File-sharers more likely to pay for movies, books, games & concerts – TorrentFreak / Columbia University / CentERdata
- The dodgy digits behind the war on piracy – Julian Sanchez (ArsTechnica)
- Unprecedented music piracy collapse fails to boost revenues – TorrentFreak / MBW
- Massive music piracy plunge fails to halt decline in sales – TorrentFreak / Ofcom
- Legal music services, not fear of harsh copyright – reduce illegal file sharing – Glyn Moody / Lund University
- Innovation vs Anti-Piracy Enforcement – Copia / Michael Ho, Joyce Hung, Michael Masnick
- The Survey Bay — Insights into File Sharing – Cybernorms Research Group
LICENSING & AVAILABILITY
- “A five year music embargo from the Internet” – Rob Reid
- Most top films not available on Netflix – TorrentFreak / KPMG
- Music services vary in price, quality & catalog size – Matt Peckham
- UK users need 27 services to get most popular films – TorrentFreak / KPMG
LARGEST SCALE STUDY ON FILESHARING
- Media Piracy in Emerging Economies – Social Science Research Council
PIRACY, BULLYING & EXTORTION
- Police raid 8-year-old, confiscate Winnie the Pooh laptop – TorrentFreak
- 23,322 Expandables downloaders accused in lawsuit – TorrentFreak
THE INDUSTRY & ARTISTS
- The creative apocalypse that wasn’t – TIME / Steven Johnson
- Major record labels keeping nearly all the money from Spotify – Mike Masnick
- How is Hollywood killing the VFX industry – Lauren Davis
- RIAA claims it is “standing up” for older musicians – Mike Masnick
- Sony: We’re allowed to contractually screw over our artists – Mike Masnick
THE INTERNET AND THE ARTIST
- Will the real pirates please stand up? – Lexi Alexander
- Raising Maximum Penalty for Breaching Online Copyright to 10 Years – Open Rights Group
- Artists lose when “piracy” gets harder – Cory Doctorow
- How piracy is good for independent authors – Ozgur Zeren
COPYRIGHT – THE AWFUL SIDE
- How many times a day do you violate copyright laws – Mike Masnick
- EU Copyright Reform Draft Explained – Julia Reda
- Headphones and Cactus by Edward Boatman
- Skull by Cameron Pinegar
- Sword by Chris McDonnell
- Pointer by Quinn Keaveney
- Gavel by Kir Rostovsky
- Video-player by Antar
- Book by Chris Thoburn
- Money-bag, User and Worker by Wilson Joseph
- Car by Okan Benn
- Guitar by Weston Terrill
- Guitar by Gustavo Perez Rangel
- Holding Sign by Takao Umehara
- Skull and crossbones by Anton Noskov
- Download by Sika Danh
- Download by Dan Craggs
- Piracy by Sathish Selladurai
- Test tube by Andre Renault
- Cassette, video game controller, book, movie ticket and like by iconsmind.com
- Ribbon by Jose Manuel de Laa
- Cart by Faktor Vier
- Tickets by Kerry Webster
- Magnifying glass by Icomatic
- Police department by Vicons Design
- Handshake by Deadtype
- Key by Blackspike
- Money by Karthick Nagarajan
- Money by Nick Levesque
- Record by Clayton Meador
- Scale by Sergey Krivoy
- Pig by Karen Henderson
- Apple by James Keuning
- Video by David Waschbusch
- Down by Mister Pixel
- Delivery Man by Luis Prado
- Trophy by Aha-Soft
- Buy by Sebastian Wiercinski
- Tag by Joe Mortell
- Chart by Lorena Salagre
- Handcuffs by Sasha Lantukh
- Prisoner by Gilad Fried
- Share by Simple Icons
- Artists by My name is mud
- World by Juan Pablo Bravo
- Truck by Rafael Farias Leao
- Policeman by Arturo Molina
- Hand by Rafa Goicoechea
- Film reel by Ana Laura Chavarria
- Gun by Creative Stall
- Unlock by Casper Jensen
- Shop by Leyla Jackqueline
- Tag by Artworkbean
- Right by Shawn Schmidt
- Flaming Skull by Andrew Cameron
- Wheel by Alessandro Suraci
- Credit Slave by Silly Lili
- Barbed wire by EliRatus
- Envelope by Icon 54
- Forward by Icons8
- Receipt by Lil Squid
- Hand Skeleton by Aha-Soft
- Tyrannosaurus Skeleton by Charlotte Vogel
- Open Door by Juan Pablo Bravo
- Turntable by Alex Chocron
- Biohazard by Simon Martin
- Laptop with rocket by Freepik
CHANGING WHAT WE THINK OF PIRACY
- The creative apocalypse that wasn’t (Steven Johnson): “It was supposed to be impossible to make money by making art. Instead, creative careers are thriving.”
- Why Internet pirates are saving the entertainment industry from itself (Harrison Jacobs): “Once they stop suing customers and websites and accept that file-sharing often convinces their customers to consume more, they’ll figure out what customers are actually looking for.”
- Netflix sees Popcorn Time as a serious competitor (TorrentFreak): “Certainly there’s some torrenting that goes on, and that’s true around the world, but some of that just creates the demand.”
- HBO: Game of Thrones piracy is a compliment (James Hibberd): “The demand is there. And it certainly didn’t negatively impact the DVD sales. [Piracy is] something that comes along with having a wildly successful show on a subscription network.”
- The art of asking (Amanda Palmer): “Don’t make people pay for music. Let them”
- How to make Pirate Bay users pay for content (TorrentFreak): “As is often the case, people sometimes need a small incentive to contribute. “
- Why I lincensed under Creative Commons (Sleestak Huang): “I’m building the world I want to live in”
- Illegal copying has always created jobs, growth and prosperity (Rick Falkvinge): “those who decide what is “illegal” to copy do so from a basis of not wanting to get outcompeted, and never from any kind of moral high ground. It’s just pure industrial protectionism.”
- Perhaps it’s not the entertainment industry’s business model that’s outdated (Mike Masnick): “What is obsolete is what people think the industry’s business model is. And, the worst thing is that the people most guilty of this are the industry execs themselves.”
- Sony’s own copyright infringement shows how broken our copyright system is today (Mike Masnick): “Given how frequently this happens, it certainly seems like the problem is with the law rather than all the people. “
- Copyright reform: weak research will produce bad policy (Heini Jarvinen): “As long as policy-makers are being presented with flawed analysis, we will be moving further away from a sustainable, effective approach to copyright law and enforcement.”
Pirates are the best customers
This episode of Copy-Me, animated webseries extraordinaire, addresses the real, verifiable, and independent research data that show something pretty weird (at first glance): not only are “pirates” not negatively affecting markets, but “pirates” are actually positively contributing to them. As industries push more on the piracy-destroys-everything rhetoric, it’s time we really take a step back and see the whole picture.
- Does a trove of independent data paint piracy as the end-all enemy? No, not at all. It’s more that the industry fails to address the market of underserved customers.
- Do we really need stronger laws to protect our losses? Research shows that no anti-piracy measure has actually worked so far and that protection doesn’t solve anything.
Piracy seems to be more of a symptom and not the cause of all problems. The solution is, and has always been, good quality services. Because distribution is terrible, prices are very high and don’t correlate with customer revenue, and the quality and scope of distribution is just about nonexistent. Meanwhile, “pirates” are your greatest fans and your greatest supporters. They are more likely pay for your next concert, movie, or book if you just give them the chance to do so.
As we see a steady growth of entertainment industry revenues each year, maybe it’s time we really put our lawmakers in the spotlight. Laws can’t fix the problem of an old business model failing to adapt to market changes. And it’s time to really talk about the effects of piracy.
“We’re being told that we need strong laws, without any evidence for why or whether strong laws are effective.”
The biased views
This is a quote from William Patry’s brilliant book about fixing copyright. And it pretty much summarizes everything wrong with anti-piracy rhetoric: the industry keeps screaming at legislators that markets are shrinking and that existing laws fail to protect losses. They say it’s “all because of piracy” and sadly, their voices are the only ones making news.
As terrible as that is, this stream of poor information only has one effect: lawmakers take all the stats served by the industry at face value and pass or extend laws to help the industry cope with a new paradigm. Everyone loses in the process, and after laws prove ineffective, the cycle repeats itself.
The industry is addressing very broad issues, such as job, revenue, and even creative losses, without ever proving their claims. There’s always more at stake than private interests, they want us to believe. But is it true, or is it all just smooth talking?
After all the data in our episode and all the talk about the “pirates want everything for free” myth, we’re left with some lines of argument that others have covered quite nicely already:
- Ars Technica’s Julian Sanchez wrote a very extensive analysis on the dodgy digits behind the “war on piracy”,
- Floor64 has a very good overview of the actual revenue data,
- and there’s loads of other stats in the “Sources” and “Further Reading” tabs right here on this page.
But is it true that piracy destroys the author’s interest to create?
More piracy, fewer creators. The myth.
The argument goes like this: “because of piracy, producers and distributors experience huge losses, so they don’t have money to invest in new awesome works; and no money at all to invest in weirder or more “creative” writers/directors/singer; in other words, piracy means less creative output”
Or, put even more simply: “piracy means no next Scorsese, Michael Jackson or George Orwell”.
There are, of course, a number of fallacies in this argument.
No direct link between monetary loss and piracy
First of all, as our episode and a number of independent studies show (check the “Sources” tab), there is no direct link between piracy and how much money you earn from a product. What you earn and how popular a product becomes is determined by the marketplace and by critical acclaim. Copyright laws can only ensure that once you’re popular, you can be protected.
Sure, you can complain about file-sharing, but no law or anti-piracy measure can make you successful right off the bat. And, once you’re popular, it’s inevitable for your files to be copied. This is 2015, after all. The time when someone couldn’t get a copy as fast as you can are long gone, and are never coming back. Copying will only get easier.
In other words, everything is already free on the Internet. This doesn’t actually mean you can’t compete with free or can’t have a sustainable business model based on $0 marginal cost (digital copies). Just look at Linux, Vodo, Patreon, Humble Bundle or even Youtube. Delivering good quality services will always drive piracy down and will always bring more people to pay for your stuff. It’s not control that you need. It’s focusing on how to let people pay, and not on how to make people pay.
Producers don’t have to be paid, distributors don’t have to be paid, not even artists have to be paid. No industry works like that. This, of course doesn’t mean the artist or culture is irrelevant, as I’ll point further on. But you don’t see coffee shops yelling at clients to feel bad because they “stole” by not buying the shop’s $50 organic one-of-a-kind coffee and going next door instead. Maybe the market isn’t big enough, maybe clients are bored of organic coffee, maybe clients just don’t want $50 coffee. That’s a lot of maybes and it’s not really up to lawmakers to make people pay for products they don’t want.
No clients? That might mean your business is flawed, not that everyone else is stealing from you.
Scorsese’s movie won’t be made in 2015
Not having the next Scorsese in 2015 is totally irrelevant. Scorsese’s movies belong in the years they were made. It’s like saying refrigerator technology drove all the icemen carrying ice to people’s doorsteps out of business. Technology changes, culture changes, and people change with it.
Of course Scorsese wouldn’t make any money if he released Taxi Driver today. Any movie ever made is tied directly to its time and place. Taxi Driver was brilliantly made, and revolutionary for its historic context, but it couldn’t register a bleep on anyone’s radar today. There were loads of movies that borrowed from that Taxi Driver culture, improved on it, and managed to elevate film-making to even higher standards. The market wanted that movie in 1976 because it was a product of 1976. It’s 44 years later, dammit! Not even Scorsese himself is making the same type of movie today that he was 40 years ago.
More creators than ever
As difficult as this might be to hear, there’s no data showing that there are fewer creators or less “creativity” today. The statistics actually show that there isn’t, and there never was, a “creative apocalypse”.
There are more people than ever creating stuff today, and the “creatives” are actually making more money than 10 years ago. Now there’s hundreds more methods of distribution, more equipment and less expensive gear, there are more channels, more curators, and a lot more diversity. Claiming loss of diversity because your distribution model can’t afford it anymore (even if that very model wasn’t diverse in the first place) just proves how far off you are from reality. Diversity comes from having the power to decide how and when you want to make the thing that you love, not having a corporation decide for you. More people will always make for more diversity.
If the public were to choose between the ever-growing diversity of Youtube, for example, and the sloppy excuse for production and distribution that is the mainstream movie industry, it would surely choose the first. The industry is not entitled to make movies, books or music just like their predecessors did 50 years ago. Times change, culture changes, and you have to change with them.
Investing too much money in movies and can’t recoup your losses? Well have you ever though of… I don’t know… not investing that much money? Nobody’s making you invest in hundreds of extras, or tons of CGI, just like no one’s making people pay for stuff they don’t want. Maybe the market just isn’t lucrative for big budget movies anymore. That is neither good, nor bad. It’s just reality. Producers were crying about the market no longer being lucrative for black and white or silent movies a while ago, but did that serve them any good?
Trickle-down economics is bullshit
There’s this myth that without the gatekeepers, the producers and the distributors, artists would be out on the streets. As I said earlier, now it’s easier than ever to be your own producer and distributor and manage to live a decent life and make exactly the things you want. There are no such barriers anymore.
What is still there is this rhetoric coming directly out of the industry’s mouth: “You’ll starve without us!” Oh really?
“Increasing revenue to distributors does not mean increasing revenue to artists”, says William Patry who’s studied a lot of hard data. The statistics are not what you’d expect. Money flows away from the artists as distributors make more. In other words, the rich always get richer and you get… well, nothing. Yeah, that’s right: if you sell your rights to a distributor, don’t expect to get more money just because they make more. This is just another way of putting “a colorable face to their monopoly”, as Patry puts it.
Trickle-down economics is a Reagan era philosophy that has proven dead wrong even by the IMF(!) and it’s time to let it go. That’s because…
We want more creators!
And if we truly want this (we really do!), it’s time to stop catering to industry needs and focusing on the needs of the artist, for once.
The industry is always opposing change, and that’s not too hard to see. For instance, in 2011, MPAA Vice President Greg Frazier said that “democratizing culture is not in our interest”. In other words, they don’t care about other people doing what they do, they just want to be the only ones doing it. And that’s not really what diversity, culture or creativity mean. Culture is not something that can be left in the hands of a few.
Still, you might say that creators, be they independent or subscribed to an industry, depend on copyright and anti-piracy laws. Well, no.
Creators depend on copyright, you say? Sure, some popular artists do, and it’s nice to see artists making a living out of their work, but this statement is pretty funny coming from an industry that actually hasn’t researched the issue at all. There’s actually ZERO evidence that creators are incentivized to create just because, on the off chance they turn out to be very successful, their work is protected for 70 years after they die. Most creators think in terms of what money they have for next week or next month, not what their unborn daughters get after they die.
Copyright or anti-piracy laws cannot and will not provide the initial economic conditions that authors need, nor do they make authors create more works. Independent studies show that copyright is actually not an incentive to create at all. The real motivations are actually intrinsic. Simply put, copyright is not the reason people create.
If we really want more creative people doing more creative work, we should teach more of that in our schools, we should have bigger and more diverse budgets for culture, government subsidies and tax breaks. Some authors like to rely on distributors too, and that’s fine. But focusing only on what distributors manage to select, market and distribute will not motivate more people to create and live off their works. The truth is creativity is far more likely to happen outside the established channels. Just take a look at Patreon!
Effective copyright laws
Unfortunately, we base the law on old assumptions about creativity, and we only work with century old ideologies of distribution and control.
Addressing some of the above needed changes won’t solve much, because laws need to reflect reality first. For instance, you have to pay an army of lawyers just to able to license your book or your music to each country in Europe. Copyright should serve culture, not hinder the public domain and damage our entire cultural heritage. Copyright should allow audio-visual quotations, remixes, fan media, parodies, commentaries and all possible future technologies because they’re a big source of revenue for the economy. Money should first go to the intended beneficiaries, not to third parties. Copyright should allow unauthorized copies for educational work and should protect authors from contract abuse. We cannot focus only on the small fraction of existing works and ignore the 99% of culture that is at risk of being lost forever.
Disney was able to remix Brother’s Grimm “Snow White” (it was in the public domain), but no one is legally able to remix Disney’s version for another 18 years as of this writing. That’s almost 100 years after it was first released! The piracy excuse doesn’t serve any artist, it only serves large corporate interests which want to squeeze every penny out of works they didn’t even create.
Now what’s your excuse?